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Movement Disorder Surgeries- Deep Brain Stimulation

What is DBS?

  • DBS is a surgical intervention used to treat patients with movement disorders such as essential tremor, Parkinson’s disease and dystonia.  It can also be used to control symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder and epilepsy. 
  • Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an elective surgical procedure in which electrodes are implanted into certain brain areas.
  • These electrodes, or leads, generate electrical impulses that control abnormal brain activity.
  • The electrical impulses can also adjust for the chemical imbalances within the brain that cause various symptoms patients may suffer.
  • Stimulation of brain areas is controlled by a programmable generator that is placed under the skin in the upper chest.
  • Before being considered for surgical interventions such as DBS, doctors may consider treatment using Medications or Physical Therapy.
  • This type of surgeries can be performed on one or both sides of the brain, depending on symptoms.

  • The effects are reversible and can be customized individually for each patient’s clinical status.
  • Stimulation settings can be modified to diminish potential side effects and improve effectiveness over time.
  • The implanted device can provide continuous symptom control 24 hours a day.
  • DBS is safe and effective but risks and potential side effects do exist, but they are generally mild and reversible.
  • Risks may include brain hemorrhage in 1% of the cases, Infection or Device malfunction.

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