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Laparoscopic Colectomy

Conventional Colon surgery:

  • Patients undergoing colon surgery often face a long and difficult recovery because the traditional “open” procedures are highly invasive.
  • In most cases, surgeons are required to make a long incision.
  • Surgery results in an average hospital stay of a week or more and usually 6 weeks of recovery.

Laparoscopic Colon Resection:

  • A technique known as minimally invasive laparoscopic colon surgery allows surgeons to perform many common colon procedures through small incisions.
  • Depending on the type of procedure, patients may leave the hospital in a few days and return to normal activities more quickly than patients recovering from open surgery.
  • In most laparoscopic colon resections, surgeons operate through 4 or 5 small openings (each about a quarter inch) while watching an enlarged image of the patient’s internal organs on a television monitor.
  • In some cases, one of the small openings may be lengthened to 2 or 3 inches to complete the procedure.

Preparation:

  • Most diseases of the colon are diagnosed with one of two tests: a colonoscopy or barium enema.
  • A colonoscope is a soft, bendable tube about the thickness of the index finger which is inserted into the anus and then advanced through the entire large intestine.
  • A barium enema is a special X-ray where a white “milk-shake fluid” is flushed into the rectum and by using mild pressure is pushed throughout the entire large intestine.
  • These tests allow the surgeon to look inside of the colon.
  • Sometimes a CT scan of the abdomen will be necessary. Prior to the operation, other blood tests, electrocardiogram (EKG) or a chest x-ray might be required.

Complications:

These complications include: Bleeding-Infection-A leak where the colon was connected back together.-Injury to adjacent organs such as the small intestine, ureter, or bladder-Blood clots to the lungs.

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